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Early calligraphy (2nd-century BCE-6th century CE)

Beginning in the 2nd century AD, Indic language was transferred using birch bark as a writing surface. Locally, the birch bark was called Bhojpatra in India – Patra meaning leaf/bark/sheet in Sanskrit. Palm leaves were used as a substitute for paper, even after a paper was available for Indic manuscripts. The leaves were commonly used because they were a good surface for pen writing, which created the delicate and decorative handwriting that is known as calligraphy today.

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Middle Ages (6th century-16th century)


Indian calligraphy took off starting around 500 AD when Indian traders, colonists, military adventurers, Buddhist monks, and missionaries brought the Indic script to Central Asia from South East Asia. Different concepts and ideas were being created throughout the late 400s the to late 1400s, in a 1000-year span. The Gilgit scripts are the earliest notable form of calligraphy in India that dates back to the 5th and 6th centuries. The earliest painted covers of manuscripts were created between the 7th and 9th centuries, and the earliest illustrated manuscript in South Asia was not formed until around the 10th century.

Modern Period (16th century-today)

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There was a bigger goal to this style of language than just to communicate with one another. There was no one true form of communication before this was created, and calligraphy helped to guide community members to connect in more than one aspect of life, that was not just language. A rich heritage of calligraphy was embraced as this was a time before printing technology was accessible to Indian counties. This brought people closer together as they began to communicate in the same ways. While it may be used as an art form today, it was essential for communication before the 16th century.

Souce:  Wikihow

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